Ebola Virus Disease, EVD, presently, has no cure and is ravaging
neighbouring West African countries with many people killed and nations
still at risk of the deadly disease.
At a news conference in
Alausa, Lagos, Southwest Nigeria on Thursday, Special Adviser to the
Governor of Lagos, Dr. Yewande Adeshina, told newsmen that a 40-year old
Liberian, working for a West African Organiation in Moronvia, Liberia,
who arrived Lagos last Sunday is suspected to have the disease.
said details of the suspected case were obtained from a private health
facility in the state, which she refused to mention, saying that
history taken revealed that the 40-year old man had no contact with EVD,
did not visit any person with EVD in the hospital and neither did he
partake in the burial of any person who died of the disease.
“However, on account of working and living in an endemic region for
EVD, and the presentation of non-specific constitutional symptoms and
signs (fever, malaise, body aches, vomiting, diarrhea etc) associated
with EVD, a high index of suspicion was raised.
“Based on this,
blood samples were taken to Virology Reference Laboratory, Lagos
University Teaching Hospital, LUTH, on Tuesday. Preliminary results
necessitated the confirmation of EVD at a World Health Organisation, WHO
Reference Laboratory in Dakar, Senegal which is actively in process,”
According to her, the patient’s condition is considered
stale while the health facility had since initiated Universal Safety
Precautionary measures to prevent spread of the disease and guaranteed
safety of other patients.
Adeshina said the Federal Ministry of
Health, including Port Health Services were partners with the state
government in areas of contact tracing and other specialised care,
urging Lagosians to remain calm and take appropriate measures for the
prevention of the disease.
The Special Adviser explained that Ebola virus disease is caused by a
virus which natural reservoir of virus is not completely known,
stressing that fruit bats have been considered to be the natural host of
“The virus can be spread through close contact with
the blood, body fluids, organ and tissues of infected animals; direct
contact with blood, organ or body secretions of an infected person. The
transmission of the virus by other animals like monkey and chimpanzee
cannot be ruled out,” she said.
Adeshina noted that those at the
highest risk of the disease include health-workers; and families or
friends of an infected person who could be infected in the course of
feeding, holding and caring for them.
She stressed that Ebola
virus disease should be suspected in persons who develop bleeding from
the body openings like the mouth, nose, rectum and ear; a close contact
with a person who is infected; or health worker who had treated either
suspected or confirmed infected person.
“Early symptoms of the
disease include fever, headache, chills, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting,
sore throat, backache, and joint pains. Later symptoms include bleeding
from the eyes, ears and nose, bleeding from the mouth and rectum, eye
swelling, swelling of the genitals and rashes all over the body that
often contain blood. It could progress to coma, shock and death,”